Edward Akufo-Addo

Edward Akufo-Addo was a politician and lawyer in Ghana and one of the Big Six in the fight for the country's independence. He became the Chief Justice and later the President.

Edward came to England after winning a scholarship to St Peter's College, Oxford where he studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics. After gaining his degree he decided to read Law and enrolled at Middle Temple. He was called to the Bar in 1940 and returned to what was then the Gold Coast a year later. After his pupillage he established his own chambers, specialising in Civil Law cases. The then Attorney-General once grudgingly described him as "the most able advocate of the Gold Coast".

In 1947 he became a founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention and was one of the Big Six jailed after riots in Accra in 1948. A year later he became a member of the Gold Coast Legislative Council and the Coussey Constitutional Commission. After 21 years at the Bar, Edward became a Supreme Court Judge between 1962 and 1964. He was one of three judges who sat in the treason trial after a bomb attack on President Kwame Nkrumah but he and his fellow judges were dismissed for finding some of those accused not guilty. However, he was reinstated under the National Liberation Council (NLC) regime and between 1966 and 1970 was the Chief Justice as well as Chairman of the Constitutional Commission. He was also head of the NLC Political Commission.

When the Constitution, which he helped to formulate and draft, came into force, Edward was elected President of Ghana in the Second Republic in 1970 and remained so until the government was overthrown in January 1972. Edward's Presidential post was ceremonial as the executive powers lay with the Prime Minister. He died in 1979. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, his son, was the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice between 2001 and 2003 and was then Minister for Foreign Affairs between 2003 and 2007. Nana came second in a closely-fought presidential election in Ghana in 2008 and again in 2012.