robert walpole, 1st earl of orford
He had relied on his political offices to keep himself afloat; nevertheless, he refused to compromise his principles for the sake of his salary and perquisites. He married Catherine Shorter (c1682-1737) 1700 . Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford (1676 - 1745) RA Collection: People and Organisations Politician, Prime Minister of Great Britain. For this purpose they founded The Craftsman, which denigrated Walpole’s ministry week after week. Horace or Horatio Fourth Earl of Orford. For the rest of George I’s reign Walpole and Townshend remained at the head of the ministry. Licensing [ edit ] This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of … Parents . English state figure. Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford was born on 26 August 1676. Find out about Sir Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford & Maria Walpole Married, children, joint family tree & history, ancestors and ancestry. Foreign affairs gave him constant trouble. Following the Tory victory in the general election of 1710, Walpole was impeached for corruption, expelled from Parliament, and sent to the Tower of London (1712). He married Maria Skerret (1702-1738) 1738 . His ability as an administrator brought him to the attention of both the duke of Marlborough and Lord Godolphin. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Walpole, Sir Robert, 1st Earl of Orford (1676–1745) British statesman, widely acknowledged as the first prime minister (1721–42). Genealogy for Horatio Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford (1723 - 1809) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Walpole rapidly made his mark in the House of Commons, earning the reputation of being a clear, forceful speaker, a firm but not fanatical Whig, and an active parliamentarian. Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford (1676-1745) 2. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Author of. Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, KG KB PC (26 August 1676 – 18 March 1745), known before 1742 as Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain.Although the exact dates of his dominance are a matter of scholarly debate, 1721–1742 are often used. Synonyms for Robert, 1st Earl of Orford Walpole in Free Thesaurus. Profile Birthplace: Houghton, Norfolk, England Location of death: London, England Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, St. He married Catherine Shorter of Bybrook, Kent, on July 30, 1700. Robert Walpole. After his father’s death in the same year, he inherited a heavily encumbered estate and also the family parliamentary seat at Castle Rising, for which he was immediately elected. 11 January 1701 – 1 October 1714: Robert Walpole, Esq., M.P. Elected to the House of Commons in 1701, he became an active Whig parliamentarian. The break came in 1717, and Walpole and Townshend left the ministry; shortly afterward a violent quarrel between the king and the prince of Wales split the royal family, and the opposition acquired its own court at the prince’s residence, Leicester House. By showing willingness to negotiate he secured the Treaty of Seville (Sevilla) in 1729. WALPOLE . In 1742 was created Earl of Orford. Walpole was lampooned in pamphlets, ballads, and plays, as well as in the newspapers; and this constant stream of abuse, which was not without a certain element of truth, did much to bring both Parliament and politics into contempt. 1 He married, secondly, Maria Skerret, daughter of Thomas Skerret, before 3 March 1737/38, previously his mistress. Robert Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford (c1701-1751) 2. Walpole, Robert (First Earl of Orford). Robert Walpole, 1st earl of Orford, also called (1725–42) Sir Robert Walpole, (born August 26, 1676, Houghton Hall, Norfolk, England—died March 18, 1745, London), British statesman (in power 1721–42), generally regarded as the first British prime minister. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Nevertheless, Walpole had not been a promoter of the scheme, and he was free from the stigma of corruption that marked many other ministers as well as the king’s German favourites. He became first lord of the Treasury and chancellor of the Exchequer in April 1721, offices that he was to hold until 1742. They attempted to give coherence to the party so formed, but with little success. Early Life and Career. Robert Walpole, 1st earl of Orford - Robert Walpole, 1st earl of Orford - The long ascendancy: The supremacy in the Commons was maintained by Walpole until 1742. After the death of his father and elder brothers he was returned (1701) to Parliament from the family borough of Castle Rising, and in 1702 he took the seat for King's Lynn, from which he was regularly returned thereafter. Original Work Author: John Giles Eccardt (1720, Germany-1779 Chelsea, London) Title: Portrait of Sir Robert Walpole and Catherine Shorter Antonyms for Walpole, Sir Robert, 1st Earl of Orford. His majorities at Westminster came about because his policy of peace abroad and low taxation at home appealed strongly to the independent country gentlemen who sat in Parliament. Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford (1676 – 1745) was a British statesman who is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. 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